Tragic opera in three acts
Libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa.
Musica by Giacomo PUCCINI.
First performance: 17 February 1904, Milan.
During his stay in Nagasaki, Pinkerton, an officer in the American Navy, marries the geisha Cho-Cho-San (Madame Butterfly). But the marriage for the American is just a game, unlike Butterfly who really is in love with him, so much so that she gives up her faith and family. After disappearing for years, the officer returns to Japan, but this time accompanied by a new wife and Butterfly, deeply disillusioned, kills herself by stabbing herself in the chest with a dagger.
One of the most famous arias in the history of opera, and which represents the most tragic moment in the story of young geisha Cho-Cho-San, where she calls for the return of her lover, Pinkerton, who has in fact gone back to America to marry another woman. It is a song of piercing hope, which unfortunately, will reveal itself to be nothing more than an illusion.
Cho-Cho-San (Madame Butterfly) is a Japanese geisha, seduced and abandoned by American officer, Pinkerton. After having had a son by him, she waits for his return her whole life, but he comes back to her only to take the child away. With his fragile, resolute, desperate and struggling heroines, Puccini has gone down in history as the most sensitive observer and interpreter of the feminine universe.
Giacomo Puccini, originally from Lucca, is considered one of history’s major opera composers. Women have always had a central role in his works, in the expression of his art and creativity, beginning with the titles themselves - all female. Bohème, Madama Butterfly, Turandot, Tosca... It is the female world, with its pain, passion, anguish and neuroses, which inspires Puccini’s music, and he, like no other, is able to capture the infinite facets of a woman’s soul, transposing his profound love for women into his melodies.